Newborn calves must receive 2-3 litres new colostrum within six hours of birth. There is little to be gained from leaving calves with cows longer than 24 hours. Young calves must have access to warm, dry and draught-free shelter.
Fresh water and good quality hay should be made available to calves within four days after birth. Calves should be fed twice daily for the first 1-2 weeks of age and can then be fed once daily.