Environmental, George Moss (Taupo)
2 min read
Tokoroa Pastoral Ltd is a 70ha farm milking 175 cows. This page explores the effects of five different farming practices on the environment and profitability. The key findings show that while the farm is efficient, it's challenging to reduce environmental impacts without affecting profits. The best approach seems to be reducing the replacement rate, which slightly improves both the environment and profit. However, reducing imported supplements, while beneficial for the environment, tends to drop profitability. Making these changes requires skill, with a strong focus on managing the pasture and reacting to weather conditions. The farm's owner, George Moss, emphasises the interconnectedness of farming and the environment.
Tokoroa Pastoral Ltd is 70ha of Taupo deep sand soil type, milking 175 cows (2.6 cows/ha).
The farm operates at system 2, with 7% of the annual feed supply brought onto the farm. The herd is wintered on the milking platform. Rising two-year old replacements are grazed off on an adjacent support block. There is a strong history of high operating profits, even in low milk price years.
Tokoroa Pastoral modelled five different scenarios:
“We have significantly reduced N usage over time, the whole farm soil tested, we soil test every season, provide proof of placement for nutrient management, try to optimise timing and restrict N applications to 30 units or less per hectare. We have improved the genetic merit of the herd, improved herd performance, restricted lactation length and purchased feeds and maintain a slightly reduced stocking rate. We are seeking further efficiencies around N use and pasture management. We are the environment, and the environment are us - in damaging one we damage ourselves.”
- George Moss, farm owner
|Change from current system||Nil imported feed||Less N fertiliser||
Less N Fertiliser &
Nil Imported Feed
|Rear less replacements||Plant sidelings in pine trees|
|N leaching (%)||-7%||-20%||-29%||-2%||-5%|
|GHG losses (%)||-12%||-8%||-20%||-3%||-6%|
12 min read
13 min read
9 min read
6 min read
26 min read